Africa’s townships are alive with music, fashion, foods, art and history.

Kasi “township” music has evolved and emerged into forms such as kwaito – a multilingual music typical of the myriad of cultures in South Africa and is a blend of seSotho, isisZulu, English, and Afrikaans.

Pantsula is a highly energetic Kasi dance form that originated in the black townships of South Africa during the Apartheid era. It developed into a form of social commentary for black South Africans and has undergone several transformations with the country’s changing political tides.

The Pantsula dance emerged in the 1950s and 1960s as a response to the forced removals implemented by the Apartheid government, shortly after its ascent to power. Pantsula was used as an expression of resistance during the then political struggle, as well as being used to spread awareness about social issues such as AIDS. After the end of Apartheid in 1994, pantsula persisted as an expression of cultural roots for many black South Africans.

Originally, pantsula dancers did not have access to recorded music and danced to live Kasi music such as this hardcore original Kasi music video in original Tswana.